# L.I. Rodina, A.V. Chernikova. On infinite-horizon optimal exploitation of a renewable resource ... P. 167-179

We consider models of homogeneous and structured (for example, by age, gender, or other attribute) populations given by difference equations. The dynamics of a structured population in the absence of exploitation is given by the system of equations $x(k+1)=F\bigl(x(k)\bigr),$ $k=0,1,2,\ldots$ ; here $F(x)$ is a column vector with coordinates $f_1(x),\ldots,f_n(x)$, which are real nonnegative continuous functions, and $x(k)=\bigl(x_1(k),\ldots,x_n(k)\bigr),$ where $x_i(k),$ $i=1,\ldots,n$ , is the amount of resource of the $i$th type or age class at time $k=0,1,2,\ldots$ . A homogeneous population is given by the difference equation $x(k+1)=f\bigl(x(k)\bigr),$ $k=0,1,2,\ldots$ . It is assumed that the population is subject to harvesting $u(k) = \bigl(u_1(k),\dots,u_n(k)\bigr)\in [0,1]^n$ at fixed times $k=0,1,2,\ldots$ , and this process can be controlled to achieve a certain result of resource harvesting. Thus, we consider the models of the exploited populations given by the systems of equations $x(k+1)=F\bigl((1-u(k))x(k)\bigr),$ $k=0,1,2,\ldots$ . We study the infinite-horizon problem of optimal harvesting of a renewable resource for stationary and general exploitation modes. The characteristics of resource harvesting are considered, the first of which is the harvesting efficiency equal to the limit as $k\to\infty$ of the ratio of the cost of the resource gathered in $k$ harvestings to the amount of applied control (harvesting efforts). Another characteristic is the mean time profit, which is the limit as $k\to\infty$ of the arithmetic mean of the cost of the resource over $k$ harvestings. We find the highest values of these characteristics and describe the harvesting strategies under which these values are attained. It is shown that if all possible controls are taken into account in population exploitation, then a value of harvesting efficiency greater than the highest efficiency on the set of stationary controls can be attained. On the other hand, the largest value of the mean time profit calculated on the set of all controls coincides with the largest value on the set of stationary controls and does not depend on $x(0)$. The results are illustrated by the examples of an exploited population given by a discrete logistic equation and a structured population consisting of two species.

Keywords: model of a population subject to harvesting, population exploitation modes, optimal exploitation, resource harvesting efficiency, average time profit

Received October 24, 2022

Revised December 26, 2022

Accepted January 16, 2023

Lyudmila Ivanovna Rodina, Dr. Phys.-Math. Sci., Prof., Vladimir State University, Vladimir, 600000 Russia; Prof., Department of Mathematics, National University of Science and Technology MISiS, Moscow, 119049 Russia, e-mail: LRodina67@mail.ru

Anastasia Vladimirovna Chernikova, doctoral student, Vladimir State University, Vladimir, 600000 Russia, e-mail: nastik.e@bk.ru

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Cite this article as: L.I. Rodina, A.V. Chernikova. On infinite-horizon optimal exploitation of a renewable resource. Trudy Instituta Matematiki i Mekhaniki UrO RAN, 2023, vol. 29, no. 1, pp. 167–179.